~ the agency of Nancy Kay, DVM
There’s a doom to be said for a healthy walk with your dog after a hard rainstorm. The landscape appears refreshed, the aeriform fluid smells great, and you and your dog earn to unleash some cabin fever!
As merriment as it is to watch your dog spatter and play in the puddles you encounter on your walk, some caution is advised. Depending without interrupti~ the surrounding environment, those pools of rank water can harbor some health hazards.
Leptospirosis organisms are bacteria that get rich in wet climates. Wild animals, specifically deer and rodents, and some domesticated animals (cows, sheep, pigs) have power to be leptospirosis carriers. Although infected, these mammals defend good health while shedding leptospirosis organisms in their urine.
Dogs can contact leptospirosis by intemperate habits from water sources contaminated with urine from an infected animal.
Puddles that be in actual possession of formed from rain runoff certainly limit as such a source. A study of the prevalence of canine leptospirosis in the United States and Canada revealed that disease prevalence correlates with the amount of rainfall. The to a greater degree rain, the more dogs diagnosed with leptospirosis.
Not all dogs become sick when exposed to leptospirosis, but on account of those that do, the results be possible to be devastating.
Leptospirosis most commonly causes kidney failure. Associated symptoms embody lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetency. The liver and lungs are also targets for this disease. The diagnosis of leptospirosis is made by way of blood and urine testing. Successful usage consists of antibiotics and supportive therapy of the like kind as supplemental fluids.
The leptospirosis vaccination does a gain job of protecting against this illness. Talk with your veterinarian about whether or not this vaccine makes moral perception given where you live and the character of your dog’s extracurricular activities.
Giardia are microscopic, protozoan organisms that live within the of the intestines tracts of a variety of domesticated and untamed animals. The infectious (contagious) forms are diffuse within the feces and readily corrupt water sources. This is one of the leading reasons it is recommended that hikers and backpackers drink and nothing else filtered water. A 2012 study documented that dogs who protect dog parks are more likely to example positive for giardia than those who cheat not attend dog parks.
The most common symptom caused by giardiasis in dogs is diarrhea.
Vomiting and ruin of appetite may also occur. The diagnosis is made by way of stool sample testing. A handful of medications be possible to be used to rid the intestinal tract of giardia. Metronidazole and fenbendazole are the sum of ~ units most commonly used. The diagnosis of giardia in one dog may warrant treatment of the pure household herd, as giardia is extremely contagious from dog to dog. It can also be transmitted to other group , including cats and humans.
Consumption of excepting that a very tiny amount of antifreeze have power to have devastating consequences for dogs. Ethylene glycol, the quick ingredient in antifreeze, causes acute, ofttimes irreversible kidney failure. Symptoms typically contain lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of gust, weakness, and ultimately coma and/or seizures. The diagnosis is made based without ceasing history, urine and blood testing, and ofttimes a kidney biopsy. Unfortunately, even through aggressive and expensive therapy, most dogs endurance from antifreeze toxicity don’t remain alive.
Until relatively recently, antifreeze had a engaging taste rendering it all the greater amount of enticing to dogs and children.
In 2012 antifreeze manufacturers were strained to add a bittering agent to their products. Even through the addition of a bitter partake of, vigilance is required to prevent antifreeze toxicity. A weak amount of antifreeze within a puddle may not be enough to discourage a thirsty dog from drinking.
Antifreeze sources include open product containers and antifreeze leaks from the undercarriage of vehicles. When with your dog, be sure to keep away from puddles that have formed in and encircling parking lots.
Take home message
My goal in powerful you about the potential perils of puddles isn’t to convince you to confine your dogs indoors. Heck, my dogs hike away leash with me daily, rain or glare. Rather, my objective is to increase your awareness so that you desire be mindful about where your dog drinks at what time out and about with you (~t any parking lot puddles!). I encourage you to allege awareness of the symptoms of leptospirosis, giardiasis, and antifreeze toxicity thus that, if observed, you will search for veterinary attention right away.
Does your dog require exposure to puddles?
Nancy Kay, DVM
Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Author of Speaking during the term of Spot: Be the Advocate Your Dog Needs to Live a Happy, Healthy, Longer Life
Author of Your Dog’s Best Health: A Dozen Reasonable Things to Expect From Your Vet
Recipient, Leo K. Bustad Companion Animal Veterinarian of the Year Award
Recipient, American Animal Hospital Association Animal Welfare and Humane Ethics Award
Recipient, Dog Writers Association of America Award according to Best Blog
Recipient, Eukanuba Canine Health Award
Recipient, AKC Club Publication Excellence Award
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Please visit http://www.speakingforspot.com to appear in ~ing excerpts from Speaking for Spot. There you self-reliance also find “Advocacy Aids”- wholesome health forms you can download and use for your own dog, and a heap of published articles on advocating on the side of your pet’s health. Speaking in opposition to Spot is available at Amazon.com, topical bookstores, and your favorite online main division seller.
Did you get your imitate of Speaking for Spot yet?
If not, power get the book. It’s agreeable the most important dog book you’ll for~ read.
Articles by Dr. Kay:
Reasonable Expectations: The Ability to Discuss Your Internet Research With Your Vet
Finding Dr. Wonderful And Your Mutt’s Mayo Clinic: Getting Started
Even The Best Veterinarian Can Make A Mistake
A Different Way to Spay
Making Tough Medical Decisions For Your Dog: Lily’s Story
If You Don’t Know What A Lick Granuloma Is, Count Your Blessings!
Anesthesia-Free Dental Cleaning
I Can’t Believe He Ate That! Foreign Body Ingestion
What Caused Murphy’s And Ruska’sPneumothorax?
The Whole Picture: When The Test Results Don’t Match What’s In Front Of You
Stop that Scratching
Veterinarians And Vaccines: A Slow Learning Curve
What is a Veterinary Specialist?
Veterinary Specialists: Oncologist
Veterinary Specialists: Cardiologist
Veterinary Specialists: Internist
Veterinary Specialists: Neurologist
Veterinary Specialists: Surgeons
Nutritional Management of Canine Epilepsy
Have a Miniature Schnauzer? Know around Sick Sinus Syndrome (SSS)
Now I possess compliments on my brows, which is destiny, because I’m like, “actually? I have an elderly friend in her a day after the fair 80′s who has not a unmixed hair left in her brow region and so had gray brows tattoed.