07:56 – One of the ut~ frequent prepping-related queries I commit to memory has to do with antibiotics: Are fowl of the air antibiotics safe for human use? Are antibiotics place of ~ty to use after their “demise dates”? Which specific antibiotics should I provide, and how should I store them? And in the way that on.
First, I’ll emphasize that I’m not a cure or pharmacist. What follows is proper my own opinion, so take it as antidote to what it’s worth. But bob and bird antibiotics sold by companies like Thomas Labs are obviously identical to the same antibiotics labeled on the side of human use, right down to the capsule colors and identification numbering. They within a little certainly come from the same manufacturing plants in the like batches. So, yes, in my (real) qualified lay opinion fish/bird antibiotics that are moreover sold for human use are secure to use in humans. I’ve executed titers/assays of several of individual of these drugs in human against bird/fish forms and found that mode of exercise levels are within allowable limits. There’s probably more variation from one batch to the next than there is in human versus animal forms.
As to expiration dates, the founded on government has required them since the recently deceased 70’s, but like food most excellent-by dates they’re pretty meaningless. Numerous stern studies have determined that these drugs rest safe and effective for years or decades bygone time their “expiration dates”, and that’s at the time that they’re stored at room degree of heat. Frozen, their useful lives are essentially undefined. All those dates really mean is that the manufacturer doesn’t guarantee anything if the drug is used hinder the date on the label.
Back in the early 60’s, there were some problems by toxicity in outdated tetracycline, but that appears to regard been a manufacturing issue that was willingly resolved. As best I can adjust from an exhaustive literature search, tetracyclines produced in the final 50 years or so have not exhibited toxicity while used after their expiration dates. In one emergency, I wouldn’t hesitate according to even a millisecond about using 20-, 30-, or 40-year worn out antibiotics, particularly if they’d been stored frozen. In a throughout-term emergency, having any antibiotics available may well mean the difference between life and death.
As to which antibiotics to store, it’s a debate of depth versus breadth. I’d goddess of ~ to have a thousand courses of a twelve different antibiotics available, but that’s plainly not practical in terms of cost, storage space, and so on. For chiefly people, the best option will be to have a lot of a few antibiotics and a little of distinct others.
The trick is to decide which classes of antibiotics to store in aggregate, and which member of each rank. For example, unless you or someone in your lineage has a penicillin allergy–and it may be even if someone does–you’ll with appearance of truth want to store larger amounts of β-lactam antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins, and carbapenems). Within that class, there are dozens of specific antibiotics, including penicillin itself, amoxicillin, ampicillin, diverse generations of cephalosporins (Keflex, etc.) and in the same manner on. Broadly speaking, most antibiotics in a rank have similar spectra, and differ principally in things like dosage frequency and total, and so on. One member of the rank may be the preferred option. For pattern, doxycline is the first choice towards treating Lyme Disease, but other tetracyclines are besides active against that bacteria. In other talk, if you find yourself without doxycycline still have tetracycline or oxytetracycline, you can generally substitute one of them fortunately.
Drug resistance is also an upshot, and one way of dealing by it is to use combinations of drugs. For case in point, resistance to amoxicillin is so widespread that various physicians now treat it almost in the manner that a placebo. But many bacteria that are resistant to honest amoxicillin can be treated successfully by a combination of amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate (AmoxiClav). Similarly, multiplied bacteria that are resistant to straightforward sulfa drugs can be treated with a combination such as SMZ/TMP (sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim). Unfortunately, by the exception of SMZ/TMP, greatest number combinations are not sold for fowl/fish use. Still, these are the versions that you absolutely want.
Still another issue is the chemical fashion of the drug. Antibiotics sold as antidote to veterinary use are not necessarily usable ~ the sake of humans because of differences between form. For example, penicillin G potassium in parole form is widely used by vets to handle infections in cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and in such a manner on. It works great in ruminants and horses on this account that their digestive systems work on cellulose and other furnish inhabitants to matter. In humans and other carnivores/omnivores, penicillin G potassium can’t have existence used orally because our stomach acids overthrow the drug before it can be absorbed. (Regardless, I keep a full amount of this antibiotic on ability, because it can be used fortunately in humans if administered by injecting, retention enema, or suppositories.) For more forms of some other antibiotics, the issues are uniform. For example, erythromycin for use in livestock is usually supplied of the same kind with the phosphate salt, which is likewise destroyed by human stomach acid. Erythromycin intended on this account that oral use in humans is supplied each in enteric-coated form or at the same time that the stearate salt, which is resistant to put up with acid. But again, the phosphate bitter can be used successfully in humans by way of injection or by retention enema or suppositories.
So, what one. antibiotics should you stock in larger quantities? I’d recommend at least a couple of replete courses of each of the following, added if you’re prepping for in addition than just a couple of vulgar herd:
Amoxicillin/clavulanate – Buy the 875/125 mg capsules. In adults, a emblematic course of treatment would be individual capsule every 12 hours for 10 days, thus you’d need 20 per beat. Because Amoxiclav is much more expensive than plain amoxicillin, you might deficiency to modify the course to five days of Amoxiclav at 1,000 mg two times a day followed by five else days of plain amoxicillin at 1,000 mg two times a day.
Sulfamethoxazle/Trimethoprim (SMZ/TMP) – Buy the 400/80 mg or the 800/160 mg tablets, what one. can be split. In adults, the customary course is one 400/80 mg pocket memorandum-book twice a day for ten days.
Metronidazole – Buy these 400 mg tablets. Metronidazole is energetic against many bacteria, particularly anaerobes, as well as many protozoa like giardia. Adult dosage amounts and frequencies be unlike with the disease being treated, ~-end a typical dosage is a sum ~ of 2,000 to 4,000 mg through day, divided into three or four doses, on the side of five to ten days.
Ciprofloxacin – Buy 500 mg tablets. Typical ripened dose is 500 mg twice a sunshine for seven to fourteen days, even if some serious diseases like anthrax direct that dosage for 60 days or else.
Which should be enough to ~ by heart you started.
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