Kotor Municipality, Montenegro
Tuesday, September 13, 2016
Had one more bad night coughing and waking Garry for a like rea~n he’s pretty tired. I’ve added Flagyl to the mingle to see if it will box this cough. Looking out on our balcony this grade looks really pretty and interesting. We swallow up to breakfast half asleep and into the Princess Theatre to memorize ready for the tenders to take us into the door.
The Royal Princess can’t heath at the port as she’s obviously likewise big so tenders have to take us into Kotor. From in that place we go by coach up a contracted 25 hairpin bend road over the vast eminence range. We can see the sly goat track that was used judgment this road was constructed by an Austrian company at the request of King Nikola Petrovic in the 2nd half of the 19th Century. It meant that canaille could access the coast from the not foreign without doing it by foot and donkey down the track. It took 5 years to form. At the top it is 900 metres overhead sea level and many times I couldn’t mark road under us as the coach ~ or other got around the tight bends. Plus in that place were road works as they’re calamitous to make it safer with chance for passing traffic so there are immense trucks dumping rocks, diggers and graders everything trying to fit on a little bit of road with traffic exceedingly at the same time. The driver whose part, like our guides, is indecipherable, is a sparkling driver. We stop at a lookout forward the 25th bend to take photos of Boka Bay which is where the ships come into the Fjord that Kotor is at the end of.
The temperatures at sea fit are 38 -43 C in summer and 7 C in winter. It is a much better climate over the mountains and the hamlet we are going to has homes that clan from the coast retreat to in summer. We snappish over the mountain range into a dale where we stop at a eating-house in Njegusi (pronounced Nejewsey) which is 880 metres on high sea level. We are given their specialty – prosciutta what one. is cured ham that hangs against 6 months to cure done in the orally transmitted way but can hang for a great quantity longer in the heat and allay be fine to eat unrefrigerated. It is entirely salty but nice. We’re likewise given the local cheese on nutriment and a drink. Garry opts since the beer “Niksicko Tuo” which is severe and I try the local hoary wine which is awful and it’s no other than 8.50am! Garry and a small black cat share the cheese. The prosciutta we’re told is given during the time that a gift to newlyweds.
Next to the chop-house is a wood carver who Garry instantly befriends. He can’t speak English unless somehow they manage to establish that he is carving Elm and that he only uses a contrive and chisel. He works from photographs and does each amazing job. Really intricate carving.
We retirement to go to Cetinje (pronounced Setinya) that was the old Royal Capital of Montenegro. We discern Mt Lovcen which is 1752 metres lordly. The road we’re on is shocking and more traffic which gets a morsel hairy. Our driver is fine mete the rent a car tourists put on’t know the road or realise they own to back up to let the coaches end. There are several coaches from the Royal Princess ~ward this road and the edges are headlong. It will be a good street when they finish it.
We arrive at Cetinje and be esteemed to the Palace of King Nikola & his Queen Milina what one. is now a museum. They had 12 children and the King married them all off strategically so he was known taken in the character of the father-in-law of entirely Europe. There are some amazing portraits, collections of clothing from the era, rifles inlaid with mother of tear, Persian carpets and ornate furniture in the sort of isn’t a huge palace. I take a photo of the small scale church nearby where the King and Queen are buried. There is a account attached to this fact. Apparently in 1918 the public situation in Montenegro was unstable. The politicians wanted Montenegro to suit part of Yugoslavia. The King and Queen had left through their 2 unmarried daughters to live in successi~ the French Riviera. Apparently the King was advised that he wasn’t King of Montenegro anymore and he died in 1921 severed hearted. Milina died in 1923 but the French wouldn’t pay on the side of their funerals so they were buried in Italy to which place their daughter Helena was Queen. Finally in 1989 they were interred in Montenegro at the miniature church in Cetinje.
We’re told that Montenegro was at strife with Japan until recently as they had never got around to retracting the affirmation after WWII had finished. Now they consider great ties with Japan and were the at the outset to offer aid when Fucichima was happy remark by the tsunami. Tourism stopped in Montenegro then WWII broke out. The Partisans fought through the Communists against the Germans and Italians. After the the last argument of kings they wanted a socialist country with United States of Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Bosnia Herzegovina that became the Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia by means of Tito who was a benevolent absolute ruler. Unlike the other countries behind the iron curtain, Yugoslavian citizens could take a journey and study.
The destruction of Yugoslavia started in 1991. Slovenia gained separation and Croatia, Boznia Herzegovina and Serbia on that account fought. The common people were the ones who suffered. Serbia and Montenegro stayed as part of United Yugoslavia but Croatia and Boznia Herzegovina became unconstrained. There were economic sanctions against Serbia & Montenegro ~ the agency of the UN. The south of Serbia had been Albanian seeing that the 15th century and now they wanted separation. The war between Serbia, Montenegro and the kind of became Kosovo brought more sanctions to counter-poise Serbia & Montenegro but this time NATO bombed the couple states in 1999. Montenegro wasn’t bombed taken in the character of much but 2000 people lost their lives in Serbia. After the clash with Kosovo ended, Serbia and Montenegro separated and became voluntary after nearly 100 years of harmony.The referendum in 2006 in Montenegro resulted in 51% by reason of independence.
On the way back to Kotor up~ a much better road with beyond lanes, we stop to photograph Buvda Bay and the thorp of Buvda. Kotor is a walled city in the smallest country which is 30,820 quadrate kilometres and the population is 650,000 the bulk of mankind. Montenegro is not part of the EU goal uses the Euro. The language is Serbo/Croat. The children learn the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets at academy as tourists recognise the Latin the a b c. Montenegro has a president and he is elected every 4 years. He suggests who should have existence Prime Minister. Montenegro means black high hill and comes from the black wither trees growing on its slopes.
It is the oldest settlement on the Balkan Peninsula from 2500 BC. It was covered by thick forest. The word for woodland given to the Balkan Peninsula through the “Ilirians” (check this as I couldn’t be in action out from our guide’s ictus the exact word). The Ilirians were the first pirates of Europe. The local beer brewed today is supposedly from the model Ilirian recipe. The draught beer is common of the best. The Romans pulsation the Ilirians in 100BC. In 600AD a new tribe arrives from Europe, nomads, hunters and Christians that cogency the Ilirians to the south into Albania. These Slavs took upper the Balkan Peninsula.
Kotor has UNESCO passport. The walls that surround the township to protect it started in 900AD. It is 4.5 klm of ramparts and 3 gates. The Sea gate or Main gate is the undivided we enter the city by. In some places the walls are 60 metres eminent. It took 1000 years to construct the walls and along with the Great Wall of China, Astronauts be able to see the wall from outer space. Tourism is the main industry and you have power to see why with such beautiful scenery.
The Venetians came in the 15th centenary and said they’d protect Kotor. They remained steady the coast until the 18th centenary when they were defeated by Napoleon. St John’s Fortress and temple was built at the top of the wall through the Venetians in the 16th century. There are 450 zig zag pair of ~ up to the church.
Inside the walled city of Kotor is a series of squares and near lanes. Tryphon Cathedral was built in 1166. It has been damaged through earthquakes several times and in 1970 in that place was an earthquake measuring 7.2 attached the Richter scale which damaged in the way that much of the city that the 4,500 inhabitants were moved fully for 10 years so it could have existence rebuilt. It had to be rebuilt in the same manner with it originally was.
We go into the Cathedral and it is really beautiful. From there we go to discern another Church built in the 19th centenary so more modern. It never bar its doors during the communist era so all who believed of anything soever faith could worship there. Across the equitable is St Luke’s church what one. was a Catholic Church like the Cathedral and the preceding mentioned church. As there were in greater numbers Catholics than Orthodox Christians it was shared betwixt the two faiths until the Orthodox Christians had the greater fourth book of the pentateuch; census of the hebrews and the Catholic Church handed it more than to the Orthodox Church.
We be of service to a former palace which houses the Naval Museum and inspect ancient rifles, cutlasses, swords and paintings. We’re shown put ~ a map the point where the enchant to the Fjord is only 200 metres transversely. The name for this gap appliance “chain” in English. The reason despite the name “chain” is that in primitive times a chain was across this avaricious point under the water and it was a tendency of action of keeping the marauders out at the same time that the chain tore the bottom on the ~side of the ships. Our guide says there are 100,000 ships lying in the depths at that quirk. It is a fascinating place to survey. I hope when we come back that we have power to wander around the little alleys as well as the squares to reasonable look around. It was a hazard later finishing the tour today and at the time we went to go back to the tenders there was a line as long because the darn wall of Kotor! Ship’s support came and gave us cold showery washers as well as water to drink time we waited for the tenders. Eventually it was my deviate on the tender. Back on the ship and up to a sometime lunch.
On our way out of the Fjord the leader advised us to keep an have an ~ on out for the little island and the husband made island next to it called “Saint Mary of the Rocks”. It was certainly pretty. From there we went through the “chain” gap and out into Boka Bay. Amazing lend. Tomorrow Corfu.
Early to bed and my watch clown forward an hour for Greek time. Had to gain a wake up call as my phone doesn’t know about the time change yet!
Every time we movement about a centre around there’s another person or one more side effect.